Mahatma Gandhi is the most popular person who always refers him as civil and human right activist. He started as leader for Indian independence movement.
He was known with nonviolent way to fight against British. Until today, his philosophies and beliefs are considered as inspiration. People call them as Gandhi’s way of life. More about him will be explored in the following section.
Early Life and Education
Mahatma is honorific name for religious leader. His real name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was born in Porbandar from Gujarat Hindu family on 2 October 1869. His father was chief minister in Porbandar state.
He received elementary education and became clerk in state administration. After that, he took office as chief minister as similar to his father.
Mahatma Gandhi was married four times. The first and second wives were dead while giving birth to his children. His family was Hindu and considered as Vaishnava Hindu.
Civil Right Activist
He studied law and jurisprudence in UCL, and then he worked in several offices while in London. He went to South Africa in April 1893. In that time, his age was 23 and started to be the lawyer for his cousin.
He spent 21 years in Africa and faced many persecutions related to racial color and religion. This situation made him realized that everyone deserved human right.
He joined Indian National Congress and gave speech that introduced few topics, mainly about Indian politics and freedom. He became leader in 1920 and demanded Indian Independence.
He organized several movements in order to force British to be more concern about Indian welfare. Besides, he also arranged the join movement between Hindu and Islam. He stated that both religions had the same vision toward Indian goal.
That situation was the main reason for British ruler to arrest him. In March 1931, Lord Irwin and Gandhi signed the pact. It stated that Gandhi was no longer prisoner, but civil disobedience had to be suspended. He visited the Round Table Conference in London to discuss more about Indian National Congress.
Principles and Belief
Gandhi attracts more people around the world to explore his political, practice, belief, and principle. He is considered as pacifism with ethical life.
His major influence came from his family background. He was not from rich family, even though his father was chief minister. Gandhi views are based on Hindu and Jain. Besides them, he also stated to take some principle from Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and Advaita Vedanta.
Mahatma Gandhi did research while in South Africa. He read philosophical text and scriptures, mainly about Hindu and Christianity. He also cited some thinkers in his era.
His views are available to be studied because Gandhi was writer. His early publication was in 1909. He was editor for several newspapers and wrote books, such as the Story of My Experiments with truth and Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule.
His legacy is cited in many literatures after his death. Nelson Mandela considered Gandhi as the most influential people. He used the nonviolent principle from Mahatma Gandhi.